Volume 2 Issue 1 (2013)

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Beyond boundaries: reflections on the impact of ICTs usage for social capital of international migrants

María Esther AretxabalaUniversity Deusto in Bilbao, E-mail:esther.aretxabala@deusto.es; Xabier Riezu, University of Deusto in Bilbao, E-mail: xabier.riezu@deusto.es


The paper tackles the individual and social consequences of the use of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) by migrants reviewing some theoretical and methodological facets directly related to the concept of social capital.  We conclude that ICTs increase the social capital of migrants. However, there are several threads about the specific sub-type of social capital increased (the bonding social capital versus the bridging and linking ones) depending on the dynamics of the migratory experience. In any case, more empirical researches are needed to deepen the understanding of the impacts of ICTs on migrants concerning their contribution to integration and social cohesion. 

Keywords: International migrations, information and communication technologies (ICTs), social capital, integration and participation, information society

JEL Classification: F22, F29, J24. O33, O39

PP. 5-14

Labor migration in the EU: an empirical evidence

Ondřej Švec, Charles University in Prague, E-mail: ondrej.svec@centrum.cz


This paper is presenting general overview of labor migration in the European Union. It focuses on labor migration of workers from new member states after the enlargement of the EU in 2004. The first part is dedicated to basic facts about free movement of workers in EU, legal background and general overview of migration in the EU. The second part presents general data collected after the Enlargement with closer analysis of United Kingdom and Germany.

Keywords: labor migration, EU, Germany, Great Britain

JEL Classification: F22, J61

PP. 15-25

Budget of the EU: from its establishment until now

Petra Kučová, Charles University in Prague, E-mail: petra.kucova@volny.cz


This paper provides a study of the evolution of common finances of the European Union (or European Communities). The development over time is presented and motivations for introduced changes, as was for instance the introduction of the multiannual financial perspective, are studied. Current procedure of accepting the annual budget and the multiannual financial framework is described. In the last part, patterns of changes in expenditures over time are analyzed; in particular, period 1988-2020 is discussed. 

Keywords: European Union, budget, multiannual financial framework, budgetary procedure

JEL Classification: B26, E63, E66, H61, N44   

PP. 26-35

European Economic Area, European Free Trade Association and European Union

Ivan KondratenkoCharles University in Prague, E-mail: ivan.kondr@seznam.cz


This paper is focused on the two biggest European institutions – European Free Trade Area (EFTA) and the European Union. Paper is in the first part focused on the development of their relationship, the history of participation on common market. It finds out that in the beginning these two organisations were mainly competing rivals and after years began to cooperate and in the 1990’s established the single common market by European Economic Area. In the second part the economic analysis of benefits of membership in EFTA is provided.      

Keywords: European Economic Area, European Free Trade Association, European Union, free trade, liberalization

JEL Classification: F13, F42, J21, J61

PP. 36-43

New trends in common agricultural policy of the EU

Šárka BenešováCharles University in Prague, E-mail: sarka.benesov@gmail.com


The European common agricultural policy is heavily criticized by experts. CAP is accused to be inefficient due to little improvement in agriculture and high budget spending. This paper aims to answer a question whether all instruments are really so badly designed? The first part of the analysis of various policy mechanisms are provided to show their effects on market. The development of EU agricultural policies and present movement are included at the end of the first part of the analysis. A comparison of EU and US approach to agricultural sector is discussed in the second part of the analysis.     

Keywords: agricultural policy, European Union, European Integration

JEL Classification: Q17, Q18

PP. 44-53